Synthesis of Static Test Environments for Observing Sequence-like Behaviors in Autonomous Systems

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Title Synthesis of Static Test Environments for Observing Sequence-like Behaviors in Autonomous Systems
Authors Apurva Badithela, Richard M Murray
Source Submitted, 2021 NASA Formal Methods (NFM)
Abstract In this paper, we investigate formal test-case generation for high-level mission objectives, specifically reachability, of autonomous systems. We use Kripke structures to represent the high-level decision-making of the agent under test and the abstraction of the test environment. First, we define the notion of a test specification, focusing on a fragment of linear temporal logic represented by sequence temporal logic formulas. Second, we formulate the problem of test graph synthesis to find a test configuration for which the agent must satisfy the test specification to satisfy its mission objectives. We an algorithm, based on network flows, for synthesizing a test graph by restricting transitions, represented by edge deletions, on the original graph induced by the Kripke structures. The algorithm synthesizes the test graph iteratively using an integer linear program. We prove completeness for our algorithm, and we show that the edge deletions in each iteration maintain feasibility of the integer linear program in the subsequent iteration. We formalize the notion of a minimally constrained test graph in terms of maximum flow, and prove the synthesized test graph to be minimally constrained. We demonstrate our algorithm on a simple graph and on gridworlds.
Type Conference paper
URL https://arxiv.org/pdf/2108.05911
Tag BM21-nfm
ID 2021e
Funding AFOSR T&E
Flags NCS