# CDS 140a Winter 2015 Homework 8

 R. Murray Issued: 23 Feb 2015 CDS 140, Winter 2015 Due: 4 Mar 2015 at 12:30 pmIn class or to box across 107 STL

__MATHJAX__

1. Perko, Section 4.4, Problem 1a Show that for $a + b \neq 0$ the system
<amsmath>
 \aligned
\dot x &= \mu x - y + a (x^2 + y^2) x - b (x^2 + y^2) y + O(|x|^4) \\
\dot y &= x + \mu y + a (x^2 + y^2) x + b (x^2 + y^2) y + O(|x|^4)
\endaligned

</amsmath>

has a Hopf bifurcaton at the origin at the bifurcation value $\mu = 0$. Determine whether it is supercritical or subcritical.

2. Perko, Seciton 4.4, Problem 2 Consider the $C^1$ system
<amsmath>
 \aligned
\dot x &= \mu x - y - x \sqrt{x^2 + y^2} \\
\dot y &= x + \mu y - y \sqrt{x^2 + y^2}
\endaligned

</amsmath>

(a) Show that the vector field $f$ defined this system belongs to $C^1({\mathbb R}^2 \times {\mathbb R})$: i.e.. show that all of the first partial derivatives with respect to $x$, $y$ and $\mu$ are continuous for all $x$, $y$ and $\mu$

(b) Write this system in polar coordinates and show that for $\mu > 0$ there is a stable limit cycle around the origin aucl that for $\mu < 0$ there is no limit cvcle around the origin. Sketch the phase portraits fur these two cases.

(c) Sketch the bifurcation diagram for the system, making sure that the size of the limit cycle as a function of $\mu$ is accurately represented.

3. The Moore-Greitzer equations model rotating stall and surge in gas turbine engines describe the dynamics of a compression system, such as those in gas turbine engines. The three-state "MG3" equations have the form:
<amsmath>
 \aligned
\frac{d\psi}{dt} &= \frac{1}{4 B^2 l_c}\left(\phi - \Phi_T(\psi) \right), \\
\frac{d\phi}{dt} &= \frac{1}{l_c}\left( \Psi_c(\phi) - \psi + \frac{J}{8}
\frac{\partial^2 \Psi_c}{\partial \phi^2} \right), \\
\frac{dJ}{dt} &= \frac{2}{\mu + m} \left(
\frac{\partial \Psi_c}{\partial \phi} + \frac{J}{8}
\frac{\partial^3 \Psi_c}{\partial \phi^3} \right) J,
\endaligned

</amsmath>

where <amsmath>\psi</amsmath> represents the pressure rise across the compressor, <amsmath>\phi</amsmath> represents the mass flow through the compressor and <amsmath>J</amsmath> represents the amplitude squared of the first modal flow perturbation (corresponding to a "rotating stall" disturbance). For the Caltech compressor rig, the parameters and characteristic curves are given by:

<amsmath>
 \aligned
B &= 2, & \Phi_T(\psi) &= \gamma \sqrt{\psi},\\
l_c &= 6, & \Psi_c(\phi) &= 1 + 1.5 (\phi-1) - 0.5 (\phi-1)^3, \\

(c) Suppose that we restrict the dynamics of the system to the invariant set given by $J = 0$. Show that the system undergoes a subcritical Hopf bifurcation (this phenomena is called "surge").